It's a challenge to narrow down what to see in Rome for your holiday. The Eternal City has been around for thousands of years, so there's something to see on practically every street.
Start your must-see list with the Colosseum and the nearby Roman Forum, followed by the Pantheon. These landmarks were created by the ancient Romans and they still stand to this day.
Then, add the Vatican, the Sistine Chapel, and St Peter's Basilica to your plans. Even if you're not Catholic, visiting these churches allows you to see masterpieces by Renaissance geniuses like Michelangelo and Bernini.
When in Rome, you must visit two of its most famous landmarks: the Colosseum and the Roman Forum. Skip the long lines and book an advanced entry ticket. Better yet, book a tour to hear stories about these ancient monuments from knowledgeable guides. Afterwards, visit the nearby Arch of Constantine, the largest of Rome's triumphal arches.
Originally built as a temple to Mars, the Pantheon is the best-preserved ancient Roman monument. It's well-known for its dome with a hole (called an oculus) in the centre, which allows light to enter the building. In 609 AD, it was transformed into a Catholic church and remains active to this day.
A visit to the Basilica di San Pietro (St Peter’s) is a must when you're in Rome. It holds a wealth of art and history. Inside the Vatican, you'll also find the Sistine Chapel with its ceiling and altar wall painted by Michelangelo. When visiting the Vatican, be sure to dress conservatively, check for any planned closures of St Peter's, and book your tour beforehand.
In 1723, the French Ambassador wanted to symbolise his country's friendship with Spain. He did so by paying for a hill to be converted into the Spanish Steps. Today, people flock to go up and down these 135 steps. Join them and you'll find the Fontana della Barcaccia, a fountain in the shape of a boat, at the bottom.
Before you leave, you must visit the Trevi Fountain. Tradition has it that when you turn your back to it and throw a coin into the fountain, you'll return to Rome. Around €3,000 worth of coins is thrown into the Trevi Fountain daily. These are collected and given to an Italian charity called Caritas.
Within the district of Trastevere, you'll find universities, Julius Caesar's villa, a botanical garden, and more. Wander the narrow alleys to discover this character-filled area. Enter the Palazzo Corsini and the Basilica of Santa Maria to see different kinds of art. Don't forget to go to the island in the middle of the Tiber River to see an old church and a hospital.